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thinkPHP+phpexcel实现excel报表导出功能介绍_php实例

php教程 围观2433次 更新日期:2017-06-15 18:41:36 留下足迹

本文实例讲述了thinkPHP+phpexcel实现excel报表输出功能。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

准备工作:

1.下载phpexcel1.7.6类包;

2.解压至TP框架的ThinkPHPVendor目录下,改类包文件夹名为PHPExcel176,目录结构如下图;

编写代码(以一个订单汇总数据为例):

  1. 创建数据库及表;
  2. 创建tp项目,配置项目的数据库连接,这些基本的就不说了;
  3. 在项目的LibAction下创建一个新的类文件ExportStatisticsAction.class.php,然后在  index方法中实现excel导出;
  4. 导出方法的步骤:
    ①查询数据
    ②导入phpexcel类库
    ③创建excel对象并设置excel对象的属性
    ④设置excel的行列样式(字体、高宽、颜色、边框、合并等)
    ⑤绘制报表表头
    ⑥将查询数据写入excel
    ⑦设置excel的sheet的名称
    ⑧设置excel报表打开后初始的sheet
    ⑨设置输出的excel的头参数及文件名
    ⑩调用创建excel的方法生成excel文件

代码如下:

<?php/** * Created by lonm.shi. * Date: 2012-02-09 * Time: 下午4:54 * To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates. */class ExportStatisticsAction extends Action {  public function index(){    $model= D("OrdersView");    $OrdersData= $model->select(); //查询数据得到$OrdersData二维数组    vendor("PHPExcel176.PHPExcel");    // Create new PHPExcel object    $objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();    // Set properties    $objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("ctos")      ->setLastModifiedBy("ctos")      ->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document")      ->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document")      ->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.")      ->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php")      ->setCategory("Test result file");    //set width    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('A')->setWidth(8);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setWidth(10);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('C')->setWidth(25);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('E')->setWidth(50);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('F')->setWidth(10);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('G')->setWidth(12);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('H')->setWidth(12);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('I')->setWidth(12);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('J')->setWidth(30);    //设置行高度    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getRowDimension('1')->setRowHeight(22);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getRowDimension('2')->setRowHeight(20);    //set font size bold    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getDefaultStyle()->getFont()->setSize(10);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A2:J2')->getFont()->setBold(true);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A2:J2')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A2:J2')->getBorders()->getAllBorders()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);    //设置水平居中    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_LEFT);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('F')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('G')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('H')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER);    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('I')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER);    //合并cell    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A1:J1');    // set table header content    $objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0)      ->setCellValue('A1', '订单数据汇总 时间:'.date('Y-m-d H:i:s'))      ->setCellValue('A2', '订单ID')      ->setCellValue('B2', '下单人')      ->setCellValue('C2', '客户名称')      ->setCellValue('D2', '下单时间')      ->setCellValue('E2', '需求机型')      ->setCellValue('F2', '需求数量')      ->setCellValue('G2', '需求交期')      ->setCellValue('H2', '确认BOM料号')      ->setCellValue('I2', 'PMC确认交期')      ->setCellValue('J2', 'PMC交货备注');    // Miscellaneous glyphs, UTF-8    for($i=0;$igetActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('A'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['id']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('B'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['realname']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('C'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['customer_name']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('D'.($i+3), toDate($OrdersData[$i]['create_time'])); //这里调用了common.php的时间戳转换函数      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('E'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['require_product']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('F'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['require_count']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('G'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['require_time']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('H'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['product_bom_encoding']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('I'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['delivery_time']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet(0)->setCellValue('J'.($i+3), $OrdersData[$i]['delivery_memo']);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A'.($i+3).':J'.($i+3))->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A'.($i+3).':J'.($i+3))->getBorders()->getAllBorders()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);      $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getRowDimension($i+3)->setRowHeight(16);    }    // sheet命名    $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('订单汇总表');    // Set active sheet index to the first sheet, so Excel opens this as the first sheet    $objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);    // excel头参数    header('Content-Type: application/vnd.ms-excel');    header('Content-Disposition: attachment;filename="订单汇总表('.date('Ymd-His').').xls"'); //日期为文件名后缀    header('Cache-Control: max-age=0');    $objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel, 'Excel5'); //excel5为xls格式,excel2007为xlsx格式    $objWriter->save('php://output');  }}

5.调用导出方法直接  http://项目/index.php/ExportStatistics/index,项目中调用直接__APP__/ExportStatistics/index,生成的报表是下载方式来保存。phpexcel1.7.6没有发现什么编码问题,速度也很快,注意导出的方法中不能有任何页面输出信息或调试信息,否则导出的excel会提示格式不对。效果如下:

导出报表

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